Wednesday, August 17, 2011

Mizell: Educators want useful, high-quality professional development

From education researcher Hayes Mizell:

When educators enter a new professional learning experience, what are they thinking? Many teachers and administrators participate in professional development they did not seek or plan. They come to the experience with a variety of thoughts and feelings that influence the extent to which they will benefit. Most educators don't articulate what they are thinking because there is professional risk in doing so. This is an early indicator that the professional development is problematic. If educators don't feel it is safe to say what they really think, it compromises their potential for authentic learning.

School system leaders should take time to consider how educators' thoughts and feelings impact their learning. Honest reflection on this issue can be an important first step towards improving the quality, utility, and results of professional development.

Here are some examples of what many educators think, but don't say, when they begin a new professional development experience:

"I hope this isn't going to be a waste of my time." In all school systems, time is an asset in short supply. Overburdened teachers resent intrusions on the limited time they have to interact with their students. Educators chafe under professional development that tells them what they already know, or presents information orally that could have been disseminated in writing, or that is so poorly planned or so mind-numbing that it is a disincentive to learning. School system leaders have an ethical responsibility to organize professional learning so educators experience it is as an effective use of their time.

"Why are we doing this, and what does it have to do with me?" Many educators arrive at professional development with no idea why they are there. Someone in authority has convened them, but there has been little or no prior communication about the purpose (not just the topic) of the professional learning and its intended result. The educators often have no stake in the learning experience and no commitment to act on it. While teachers are focused on challenges and frustrations that dominate their classroom lives, the professional development may seem quite distant from those realities. If professional learning does not directly relate to the task for which educators are primarily accountable--increasing student learning--there is little hope that it will fully engage teachers.

"I'm probably not going to be held accountable for my learning, so why should I pay attention?" Based on their previous experiences, educators know that not every activity labeled "professional learning" is serious. There has often been no indication that anyone in authority over them cared whether they learned or how proficiently they used what they learned. Because there have been no consequences attached to professional learning, educators may not invest the effort that learning requires. When one observes educators reading, texting, or engaged in side conversations during professional development, it demonstrates not only that the activity is not engaging, but that educators believe they can opt out with impunity.

Am I really going to use what I learn?” The purpose of professional learning is to increase what an educator knows and can do. If it does not improve the educator’s on-the-job performance, it does not move the school system towards meeting its goals. But learning and effectively applying learning is difficult. It requires practice and refinement over time, and educators have good reason to question whether they will have opportunities for either. School systems that are serious about professional development will plan it so that learning experiences extend to and through actual application to demonstration of mastery. Conversely,it is not useful to engage educators in learning that depends only on a hope that they will put it to good use.

These are just a few of the “issues” that educators bring to their professional learning. To create learning experiences that are both efficient and effective, school system leaders will want to anticipate what educators are thinking.

1 comment:

  1. During my tenure in the school system I always questioned the professional development we “endured.” As a business teacher I had no professional development on the computer or programs that I was going to be teaching my all came from taking the computer home over the summer or on weekends so I could cram to stay ahead of my students. That was 20 years ago, but from what I hear it’s not much better today. Most of the staff development is “fluff” that is required and the teachers really want time in their rooms to get set up and plan for their classes...oh, I forgot they did that on their own time instead of being with their families during the summer or on weekends. Teaching is the only profession I know in which professional development isn’t really designed to help you do your job better. Thanks Mr. Mizell.